Safety of Trans Vaginal Mesh procedure: retrospective study of 684 patients.
This is the study by the French researchers known as the TVM group who were perfecting the Prolift technique, learning to develop tools or trocars to implant the mesh in a woman’s pelvic area. Find it here.
The study had an average follow-up rate of about 3.5 months. At the end of the observation period, which is just six months there were 33.6% complications noted. Other complications occurred as well. The consensus is generally that synthetic transvaginal mesh complications can occurs man months even years down the road.
This study never made it into the Ethicon Clinical expert Report for inclusion by Medical Director Dr. Charlotte Owens, something that came out in Day 11 of the Linda Gross v. Ethicon trial in Atlantic City New Jersey.
Gynaecological Surgery, Hospital Jeanne de Flandre, Lille Cedex, France.
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research [2008, 34(4):449-456]
Type: Journal Article, Multicenter Study
"AIM: To study peri-surgical complications after cure of genital prolapse by vaginal route using interposition of synthetic prostheses Gynemesh Prolene Soft (Gynecare) following the Trans Vaginal Mesh (TVM) technique. METHODS: The present retrospective multicentered study comprised 684 patients who underwent surgery at seven French centers between October 2002 and December 2004. All patients had a genital prolapse >or=3 (C3/H3/E3/R3) according to International continence society (ICS) classification. According to each case, prosthetic interposition was total, or anterior only or posterior only. Patients were systematically seen 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months after surgery. Multivaried statistical analysis followed a model of logistic regression applied to each post-surgical complication.""RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 63.5 years (30-94). The mean follow-up period was 3.6 months. 84.3% of patients were post-menopause, 24.3% had hysterectomy, 16.7% previous cure of prolapse, and 11.1% cure of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). During the procedure, hysterectomy was combined in 50.3% of cases, cervix amputation in 1.5%, and cure of SUI in 40.9%. 15.8% were treated for a cystocele only. 14.8% had only a rectocele +/- elytrocele and 69.4% had a prolapse touching both compartments, anterior and posterior. In peri-surgical complications, (2%) were five bladder wounds (0.7%), one rectal wound (0.15%) and seven hemorrhages greater that 200 mL (1%). Among early post-surgical complications (during the first month after surgery) (2.8%) were two pelvic abscesses (0.29%), 13 pelvic hematomas (1.9%), one pelvic cellulitis (0.15%), two vesicovaginal fistulas and one rectovaginal fistula (0.15%). Among late post-surgical complications (33.6%) there were 77 granulomas or prosthetic expositions (11.3% [6.7% in the vaginal anterior wall, 2.1% in the vaginal posterior wall and 4.8% in the fornix]), 80 prosthetic retractions (11.7%), 36 relapse of prolapse (6.9%) and 37 SUI de novo (5.4%). Multivaried analysis shows that previous history of hysterectomy or placing of an isolated anterior prosthesis increase the risk of peri-surgical complication; preserved uterus and isolated posterior prosthesis lessen the risk of granulomas and prosthetic retractions; and association of a Richter's intervention increases the rate of prosthetic retractions."
"CONCLUSION: Cure of genital prolapse with synthetic prostheses interposed by vaginal route is now reliable and can be reproduced with a low rate of peri- and early post-surgical complications. However, our study shows a certain number of late post-surgical complications after insertion of strengthening synthetic vaginal implants (prosthetic expositions and prosthetic retractions). These retrospective results will soon be compared to a prospective study."